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DISASTER MANAGEMENT

  • Jagatsinghpur district is highly vulnerable to multiple disasters. Due to its sub-tropical littoral location, the district is prone to tropical cyclones, storm surges and tsunamis. Its densely populated coastal plains are the alluvial deposits of its river systems. The rivers in these areas with heavy load of silt have very little carrying capacity, resulting in frequent floods, only to be compounded by breached embankments. Though a large part of the district comes under Earthquake Risk Zone -II (Low Damage Risk Zone), the Brahmani Mahanadi graben and their deltaic areas come under Earthquake Risk Zone -III (Moderate Damage Risk Zone) covering almost the entire district. Besides these natural hazards, human – induced disasters such as accidents, lightening, fire, etc, vector borne disasters such as epidemics, animal diseases and pest attacks and industrial / chemical disasters add to human suffering.The District Jagatsinghpur has a history of recurring natural disasters. While the coastal part of Jagatsinghpur are exposed to floods and cyclones, western Jagatsinghpur is somewhat prone to droughts; a large section of the District is also prone to earthquakes. In addition, the District is also affected by disasters like heat waves, epidemics, lightening,, road accidents etc. The history of disasters substantiates the fact that about 80% of the District is prone to one or more forms of natural disasters. Jagatsinghpur has a history of recurring natural disasters.The two successive cyclones in October 1999, the severe cyclone which hit Jagatsinghpur coast and the Super Cyclone damaged the infrastructure of the District and disrupted public life. With millions of trees uprooted during the super cyclone, the District, especially the coastal belt has become extremely vulnerable. With 80% of annual rainfall concentrated over 3 months, the District is highly vulnerable to floods. High population density, encroachment on the flood plains, poor socio – economic condition, weak infrastructure and mud and thatched houses increase the vulnerability. Jagatsinghpur is always vulnerable to cyclones in April – May and September – November. Once every few decades a super cyclone strikes Jagatsinghpur. Recent Super Cyclone that hit Jagatsinghpur in the last Century were in 1942, 1971 and 1999. The Super Cyclone of 1999 killed about 10,000 and traumatized millions who survived its wrath.The District of Jagatsinghpur in the State is situated in 190.58’ to 200.23’ latitude in the north and 860.3’ to 860 45’ longitudes in the east. It is surrounded by Cuttack District in the West, Kendarapara in the East and Puri district in the south. The geographical area of the district is 1759 Sq. Kms. Mahanadi and its tributary Paika in the North; Devi in South; Kathjori and Biluakhai in the South West and Bay of Bengal cover the East.
    As per 2011 Census, total population of the district is 11,36,971 out of which 5,77,865 are male and 5,59,106 are female. This District comprises of 1 Sub-Divisions with 8 blocks, 2 municipalities and 8 Tahasils.As unprecedented Cyclone affected in this district during 1969, 1971 & 1999 and flood in major rivers in the year 1955, 1969, 1980, 1982, 1994, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2008, 2011 and 2014 caused heavy loss to lives and properties. Drought also occured in this district in the year 1996, 1999, 2000 & 2002.
    The district is having warm and humid climate with average 1500 MM rainfall per year. Generally the district receives rainfall from June to October every year. (Average number of Rainy Days = 65.5. i.e. Days with rainfall of 2.5 mm or more.
River Systems and Dams
Sl No. Name of the River /Dam Name of the Block likely to be affected
1 Mahanadi Raghunathpur, Tirtol, Kujanga
2 Devi Naugoan, Balikuda, Jagatsinghpur
3 Paika Tirtol
4 Biluakhai Biridi, Naugoan, Balikuda, Jagatsinghpur
5 Hanshua Erasama, Kujanga, Raghunathpur & Biridi part

Industries and Mines

    • The major industrial concentration is at Paradeep and these are the following large and medium scale industries located at Paradeep
    • Paradeep Port Trust
    • Paradeep Phosphates Limited
    • Coastal Oil Installation of BPCL, Paradeep
    • Lighterage Terminal of IOCL, Paradeep
    • Paradeep Terminal of HPCL, Paradeep
    • IOCL Depot, Ghangolia, Paradeep
    • HPCL, Paradeep
    • BPCL, Paradeep
    • C.M. Power & Gas (P) Ltd., Paradeep
    • IFFCO, Musadiha, Paradeep
    • East Coast Breweries ltd
    • SKOL Breweries, Paradeep
    • Paradeep Carbon Ltd.
    • CARGIL India, Paradeep
    • POSCO (Under process)
    • Besides that, there are 64 no. of registered SSI units in the district of Jagatsinghpur. These are the following SSI units located in various places of this district:
    • 1 Suryo Udyog, Paradeep
    • 2 Falcon Marines Pvt.Ltd.,Paradeep
    • 3 L.N. Exports, Paradeep
    • 4 Mahalaxmi Industries, Jagatsinghpur
    • 5 Kalinga Engineers,Paradeep
    • 6 Taj Fly Ash bricks, Biridi Block
    • 7 Prasad Bread and Biscuits
    • 8 Sarala Coir Industries, Balitutha, Erasama Block
    • As per the survey conducted during 2001-02, 3892 numbers of artisans are practicing various crafts such as:
    • 1.applique
    • 2.Art leather and artistic footwear
    • 3.Art textiles
    • 4.Brass and Bell Metals
    • 5.Coir Craft
    • 6.Silver Filigree
    • 7.Soft Toys
    • 8.Terracotta
    • 9.Stone carving and Wood Carving
    • 10.Woolen carpet weaving and others
    • 11.Wooden & Bamboo furniture& Crafts
Some of the crafts also produced in clusters in the following places:
Sl No. Craft Name of the cluster
1 Wood carving Manitri under Biridi Block&  Bhansara under Tirtol Block
2 Art textiles Badabag, Jagatsinghpur
3 Woolen carpet Raghunathpur, Ramachandrapur, Uttarkul
4 Terracotta Rayankpatana, Jagatsinghpur, Lunupua, Kujanga, Kosida, Balikuda
  • There are 27 industrial cooperative societies running under this district. One craft school on cane and bamboo is running at Mahakaleswar under Jagatsinghpur Block with intake capacity of 10 trainees with duration of 6 months the training, demonstration and service sub center on coir is functioning at Balikuda in government building where training on coir products is provided with duration of one year. Training cum production of woolen carpet weaving is going on at Raghunathpur and Tirtol Block area.

Transportation and Communication Networks:

Length of different categories of road in Jagatsinghpur district:
Sl No. Categories of Road (In Kilometers)
a National Highways 10
b State Highways 62
c Major District Roads 88
d Other District Roads 197
e Gram Panchayat Roads 1308
f Classified Village Roads 188
g P.S. Roads 673
h Village Roads 374
i Urban Roads 275

AGRICULTURE AND CROPPING PATTERN:

Some of the crafts also produced in clusters in the following places:
1 2 3
Upland Rain fed Rice –Horse gram Rice -Groundnut
Medium Land Rain fed Rice – Mustard
Rice – Black gram / Green Gram
Ground nut
Low land Rain fed Rice – Black gram / Green Gram
Upland Irrigated Rice-Vegetable / Vegetable
Medium land Irrigated Rice – Rice
Rice – Vegetable / Vegetable
Rice – Mustard / Vegetable / Green Gram / Black Gram
 Low land Irrigated Rice – Rice
Rice – Wheat / Pulse/ Til

SALIENT PHYSICAL FEATURES AND LAND USE PATTERN:

  • 1.Agro climatic Zone :East South Eastern Coastal Plain.
LAND   UTILISATION   PATTERN (In Hect.)
1 2
Geographical area 1,65,970
Cultivable area 1,05,870
Cultivated area
a) High land
b) Medium land
c) Low land
1,04,335 (63% of Geographical )
20,908   (20% of Cultivated area)
37,572    (36% of Cultivated area)
45,855    (46% of Cultivated area)
Paddy Area
a )High land
b) Medium land
c )Low land
90,172
6,745
37,572
45,855
 Non-Paddy area     14,163
Water logged area 11,497
Saline affected area 7,988
 Flood prone area 11,406
 Forest area 2,852
 Miscellaneous, Tree crops & groves 4,246
 Permanent Pasture and other grazing land 7,371
Cultivable waste land 5,800
Land put Non-Agricultural use 17,346
Other Fallows 6,644
Barren & Un-cultivable land 22,460
Irrigation potential
a) Kharif
b) Rabi
74,342
51,303
Cropped area
a)         Single cropped area
b)         Double cropped area
c)        Triple cropped area
18,175
75,611
10,549
FORESTS
Classification of Forest Area in Sq. Kms
Reserve Forest   1.23
Demarcated Protected Forest   4.77
Un-Protected Forest 83.06
Un-Classified Forest   0.02
Other Forest 43.84
Total 132.92
HAZARD & VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS
Type of Hazards Time of occurrence Potential Impact Vulnerable areas
Flood July to September On Life, Livestock, Livelihood, Community, Infrastructures, Crop Loss & sand cast 8 Blocks
Cyclone May to October On Life, Livestock, Livelihood, Community Infrastructures and Crop Loss with tidal water. 8 Blocks
Drought January to June Crop Loss & water scarcity 8 Blocks
Heat Stroke April to June Human Life and Livestock 8 Blocks
Epidemics July to December Human Life and Livestock 8 Blocks
Fire Anytime except rainy season On Life, Livestock, Livelihood, Community, Infrastructures and harvested Crop Loss. 8 Blocks
Boat capsize Anytime Human Life Kujanga
(3 major rivers i.e. The Mahanadi, Paika & Devi covered by 7 Blocks)
Tsunami Any time of the year On Life, Livestock, Livelihood, Community, Infrastructures and Crop Loss Kujanga, Erasama & Balikuda) & Paradeep Municipality
Ranking and Probability of Disaster Episodes in the District
Disastrous Event Year of Occurrences
Flood 1969, 1980, 1982, 1994, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2011, 2014
Cyclone 1969, 1999 (Super Cyclone), 2013 (PHAILIN)
Drought 1996,1998, 1999, 2000
Heat Wave 1998, 2000, 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009,2010,2011, 2012,2013, 2014, 2015
Earthquake Anytime (Unpredictable)
Technological 1999
TSUNAMI Anytime (Unpredictable)

CYCLONE:

  • Entire district and the most vulnerable blocks are Kujang,Erasama, Balikuda, Naugaon.

TSUNAMI:

  • The coastline Blocks likely to be affected in case of a TSUNAMI strikes are Erasama, Kujang and Balikuda.
    TSUNAMI

    TSUNAMI

FLOOD:

  • The entire district is prone to flood.
  • Probable Cut off Areas
  • 1. Earada, Galadhari – Naugaon
  • 2. Porgadei, Kolar, Amberi, Kanimul, Krusnanandapur, Bisanpur, Gopalpur (Sankharisahi), Dainlo, Arilo – Tirtol
  • 3. Hansura, Kathakot, Balikani, Zillanasi – Kujang
  • 4. Manguli, Basandara, Ukundhara, Puran, Baradia – Biridi

District Control Room / District Emergency Operation Center (DEOC)

  • This section is prepared to help the members of District Emergency Operation Center (DEOC) to understand the structure and functioning of District Control Room. Following the important Three C’s i.e. Command, Control and Communication for effective response in an emergency, we will be able to minimize the hardships of the community and improve the quality of the process of recovery. This control room will be able to provide timely, supported and well thought – of interventions to the grass root staff as well as volunteers as it will be the hub of three C’s.
    The District Control Room / District Emergency Operation Center (DEOC) under the control of Collector & District Magistrate will operate round the clock and will be the nerve centre to
  • Monitor, Review & Analysis
  • Co-ordinate between the line departments
  • Depute senior officers to the spots
  • Relief operation
  • Information sharing / Reporting to the Revenue Control Room, SRC Control Room & OSDMA control room
  • Implement the actions/activities for Disaster Management.

Communication Mechanism

The list of agencies competent for issuing warning or alert is given below:

  • Flood — Central Water Commission, Revenue Control Room
    Cyclone — Indian Meteorological Department (www.imdorissa.gov.in )
    Epidemics — Public Health Department
    Road Accidents — Police
    Industrial and Chemical Accidents — Industry, Police
    Fire — Fire Brigade, Police

The warning or occurrence of Disaster will be communicated to

  • Chief Secretary, Spl. Relief Commissioner as well as Govt. in R&DM Deptt.
  • Revenue Divisional Commissioners
  • Emergency Operation Centre (EOC) of the Dist

The occurrence of Disaster would essentially bring into force the following:

  • Emergency meeting of Dist. Disaster Managers (concerned Line Departments & Senior Officers attached to Blocks.)
  • All Dist. level staff will be under direct control of Dist. Disaster Management
  • Leave would automatically stand cancelled and field staff required to report on duty immediately.
  • All the funds available at Dist. Calamity Relief Funds placed by the Govt. and the grains available at the Dist. level will be utilized for relief & rescue operations

In case of large scale disaster:

  • Collector may require the services of local ODRAF/NDRF and Defence personnel unit through SRC
  • Depute senior officials to the block head quarters for monitoring and reporting.
  • Have the authority to requisition resources, materials, & equipments from private sector
  • Have the power to direct the industries to activate their on-site and off-site disasters management plan.
  • Have to issue instructions to set-up Site Operation centres in affected areas
  • Authorize the Site managers to establish Transit, relief, feeding, cattle feed and medical camps.
  • Communication channel will be activated
  • Have to send the Preliminary Information report and action taken report as per the available channel
  • Will authorize the site managers if evacuation is necessary
  • Authorize the Civil Supply Officer to provide & stock adequate amount of relief materials

In the absence of Collector, the ADM or Deputy Collector (Emergency) will officiate and exercise all the powers and responsibilities of the Dist. Disaster Manager.

Site operation System during Disaster

  • Depending upon the nature of Disaster and type of damage, it may be necessary to set up number of camps. Site operation management may be managed under managership of the BDOs / Tahasildars at the site keeping in view of the gravity of the situation.

Desk Arrangement in District EOC

Deputy Collector (Emergency) will priorities the need, direct & coordinate the

  • Revenue Control Room
  • SRC Control Room (SEOC)
  • Odisha State Disaster Management Authority (OSDMA)
  • Services of ODRAF, Home Guards, CISF, Fire Brigade, Civil Defense
  • R.T.O
  • C.S.O
  • C.D.M.O
  • C.D.V.O
  • I.M.D
  • NGOs
  • UN & Other Agencies
  • Media (Print & Electronic)Mobilisation of ARMY through SRC for necessary operation

CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR HEAT-WAVE

  • Control Room is functioning in the Collectorate (Telephone No. 06724-220368, Toll Free No: 1077) round the clock throughout the year. Control rooms are also functioning in the offices of Tahasildars/ BDOs and other District Level Offices.
  • All the Sarpanches have been authorized by the concerned B.D.O.s for opening of ‘JALACHHATRA’ at public places out of 13th Finance commission grant available with them.
  • Executive Engineer, RWSS has been instructed to repair the defunct tube wells of rural areas in a war forting measures and drinking water at scarcity pockets be made available through tankers and mobile vans.
  • Sufficient numbers of syntax tanks and tankers will be provided by the Executive Engineer, RWSS and the transportation charges will be met by B.D.Os out of 13th Finance commission grants placed at the disposal of gram panchyats.
  • N.G.Os are also requested for opening of “JALACHHATRA” at public places in consultation with B.D.Os.
  • Again B.D.O. and J.E., RWSS of all the blocks have been instructed to meet on Thursday of each week to solve drinking water problem.
  • C.D.M.O. has been instructed to take all possible steps for arrangement of sufficient Ice packs, Medicines ORS and Saline at all P.H.Cs and C.H.Cs of the District.
  • District Labour Officer has been instructed to reschedule the Working hour of labours.
  • Timing in Educational Institutions is rescheduled to 6 A.M to 11 A.M as per guidelines issued by govt.
  • CDVO has been instructed to take all necessary arrangements for treatment of animals caused due to aftermath of heat wave.

CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR DROUGHT

  • Reasons for Drought in the district
    1. Due to inadequate rainfall in the season
    2. Lack of irrigation facilities

Anticipated areas to be affected by Drought

Block GP Block GP
Biridi
  • Bagalpur
  • Baradia
  • Puran
  • Basandara
  • Manguli
Erasama
  • Japa
  • Kunjakhothi
  • Padmapur
  • Gadaharishpur
  • Ambiki
  • Gadabisunpur
  • Nardia
  • Goda
  • Janakadeipur
  • Somepur
  • Pokhariapada
  • Krushnachandrapur
  • Jireilo
  • Erasama
  • Bhitar Andhari
  • Baleipur
  • Nuadihi
  • Balitutha
  • Gadakujanga
  • Dhinkia
  • Nuagaon
 Balikuda
  • Kusupur
  • Anantapur
  • Osakana
  • Titira
  • Rahana
  • Naharana
  • Baramundali
  • Baharana
  • Tandikul
  • Machhagaon
  • Apandara
 Tirtol
  • Kolar
  • Porgadei
  • Amberi
  • Samantarapur
  • Sankheswar
  • Dainlo
  • Kanimul
  • Bisunpur
  • .Krishnanandapur
 Kujanga
  • Kujanga
  • Zillanasi
  • Gopiakud
  • Balia
  • Hansura
  • Badabalikani
  • Kathakot
  • Bagadia
  • Biswali
  •  Paradeep garh
 Raghunathpur
  • Babujanga
  • Uttarakula
  • Mohammadpur

Measures to be taken by DAO

  • If apprehended during July – Farmers are to be advised to
  • Grow short duration paddy by directly seedling in high land
  • Raise seedling with higher seed rate for medium and low lands for normal transplantation
  • For non-paddy crops to take up weeding and inter culture operations to minimize capillary loss of water.
  • If apprehended during August
  • To raise short duration variety of paddy in the nursery preferably varieties of 130 days
  • To take transplanting of paddy of aged seedling ( 40 to 50 days) with plant population of 62 to 65 per square meter
  • Apply 25% extra quantity of Nitrogen during transplanting besides the recommended dose of fertilizers
  • If apprehended during September / October
  • Not to be sown / transplanted paddy in any type of land
  • To take up alternative cropping in those fields with pulses oil seeds

Action to be taken by RWS&S & PHD

  • 1. Supply of drinking water
    2. Immediate maintenance of tube well & water supply projects
    3. Repair/ restoration of defunct tube wells.
    4. Completion of ongoing / new drinking water projects
    5. Installation of Temporary tube well
    6. Complaint register should be maintained
    7. Mobile Team should be formed.
    8. Drinking water should be supplied through Tankers/ Mobile van.

Action to be taken by Executive Engineer, Lift Irrigation

  • 1. To keep all the LI points in working condition
    2. Proper care should be taken for Repair & restoration of LI points to provide water to the crop field to save the standing crop.
    3. Supply of pumps to farmers through Block on requisition, for supply of water to paddy fields.

Action to be taken by Tahasildar

  • To prepare crop loss report in cooperation with DAO and DSO.

Action to be taken by BDOs

  • i. Construction of Cross Bandh & Chuha
    ii. Renovation / Excavation of Tanks
    iii. To continue availability of employment opportunity through food for work to check migration of labourers.
    iv. Supply of relief to prevent starvation death
    v. Supply of Food Assistance (GR Rice) through GR cards.

CONTINGENCY PLAN FOR FLOOD

  • RIVER SYSTEMS AND DAMS
    The two main rivers in the district are Mahanadi and Devi. The tributary rivers for Mahanadi and Devi are Paika and Biluakhai respectively.

KathajoriDaleighai

Some of the crafts also produced in clusters in the following places:
River Name of gauge station Zero value of Ganga in Ft/Meter. Danger Level Irrg. Dvn.
 Kathajori Daleighai 00 57.00 ft
or 1738 mtr
Jagatsinghpur
 Devi Alipingal 00 38.58 ft
& 11.76 mtr
Jagatsinghpur
Machhagaon 0.15 ft / 0.05 mtr 13 ft / 396 mtr Jagatsinghpur
Mohanadi Tarapur 00 ft 32.144 ft / 9.800 mtr Mahanadi south
 Tartol 8.692 ft / 2650 mtr 16.186 ft  / 4.935 mtr Mahanadi south
 Taladanda 7320 ft / 2.230 mtr 15.000 ft
4.57 mtr
Mahanadi south
Chaumuhani (-)2.950ft / (-)0.900 mtr 10.000 ft
3.340 mtr
Mahanadi south
Paika  Sankheswar 1250 ft / 0.381 mtr 22.750ft
6.934 mtr
Mahanadi south
 Hansua Salamanga 2.12 mtr 1.88 mtr Mahanadi south

Areas likely to be cut off:

  • 1. Debhog, Attamala, Kantaballavpur, Galupada, Sujanga, Marichapada, Belapokhari, Purohitpur, Deuligrameswar, Ohal (P), Potala (P) & Chatra (P) – Jagatsinghpur Municipality
    2. Earada, Galadhari – Naugaon Block.
    3. Porgadei, Kolar, Amberi, Kanimul, Krusnanandapur, Bisanpur, Gopalpur (Sankheswar), Dainlo, Arilo – Tirtol Block,
    4. Hansura, Kathakot, Balikani, Zillanasi – Kujang Block.
    5. Manguli, Basandhara, Ukundhara, Puran, Baradia – Biridi Block

FUNCTIONING OF CONTROL ROOM (Para 10 & 47 of ORC)

  • Control Room is functioning in District Office bearing telephone No. 0674-220368 and Toll Free No. 1077 round the clock through out the year. Control Rooms are also functioning in the Offices of the Sub-Collector / Tahasildars / Block Development Officers and in other District Level Offices.

WIRELESS STATION (Para 55 of O.R.C)

  • All the Police Stations and Out-posts in the District are equipped with VHF/HF for transmission of the flood /cyclone messages. Special Relief Commissioner has been moved for installation of temporary V.H.F. Centres at the following places to facilitate transmission of flood/cyclone messages.

Contingency Plan for Cyclone:

  • The unprecedented super cyclone of October, 1999 compeled for preparation of a sound and exhaustive contingent plan to mitigate the situation. The Collector usually gets a special alert message from the STORM WARNING CENTRE, wherever a depression forms in Bay of Bengal. This is followed by second stage warnings when there is actual threat of cyclone over the area. Weather bulletin will also be broadcasted repeatedly by All India Radio / T.V.
  • It is of utmost importance that the cyclone warnings should be relayed to all the Subordinate Offices without delay for wide publicity for the information of all and initiating preventive measures. The following modes of communication are available now.
    1. Telephone & Mobile
    2. Police Wireless / V.H.F Base stations and Walky talkies
    3. Radio
    4. Television
    5. Satellite phone and CWDS.
  • It shall be the responsibility of the Tahasildars and Block Development Officers concerned that the cyclone warnings, on receipt, are immediately communicate to all the villages likely to be affected. For this purpose villages where telephone connection / WLL phones, mobile phones are available should be identified in advance and reported by Block Development Officers / Tahasildars to the Collector.
  • It shall be the responsibility of District Public Relation Officer and Block Development Officers to ensure that community Radio / TV sets are kept in working condition and specific persons are nominated to listen at the village level and communicate the same to all the villagers. The person so nominated will be the Sarpanch / Panchayat Secretary/Headmaster of Primary Schools etc.
  • The Superintendent of Police will arrange for communicating the warning messages through wireless and the Sub-Inspector of Police to communicate the information to all the villages in the jurisdiction of the police station.
  • It will be responsibility of the Divisional Engineer, Telecoms to communicate the warnings to public call offices and the person at P.C.O. will communicate the same to the village officers/Executive Officers/ Sarpanches for better communication to the public in general.
  • In respect of all villages where there is no scope of communication of telephone, telegraph etc, the warnings shall be communicated through Police / Gram Rakhi / Constables / Special messengers and GP / village warning teams.
  • It shall be the responsibility of the officer in-charge of Control Room to ensure that all instructions and provisions contained in the cyclone plan are communicated to all concerned and the plan put into operation immediately soon after receipt of cyclone warning messages.
  • Immediately on receipt of first warning, the Collector shall call the meeting of the cyclone committee and review the preparation for emergency procedures. The committee meets almost weekly thereafter till the emergency ceasefire, Police, P.W.D., Revenue and Health Departments personnel remain alert round the clock. The roads and building Department keep adequate man power and truck to clear the roads of all obstructions due to fallen trees etc. The Regional Transport Officer shall requisition adequate number of trucks and buses for the purpose.
  • The R.T.O. in consultation with the Addl. District Magistrate requisition sufficient no. of Govt. Vehicles of various Departments and keep them ready in advance.
  • The Health Department shall keep the teams of Doctors ready with stocks of medicine required to undertake relief measures. The Chief District Medical officer shall also obtain sufficient stocks for disinfection of drinking water wells and tanks.
  • The Civil Supplies Officer, Jagatsinghpur shall make arrangements for lifting of rice etc, from the F.C.I. in order to stock these to the affected areas. He should also take steps to requisition sufficient stocks of petrol, diesel, kerosene in local out-lets on Govt. accounts.
  • The post and Telegraphic authorities to deploy required man power and materials ready for moving to the areas at short notice for restoring communications.

POST CYCLONE MEASURES

The following measures shall be taken immediately after the cyclone.

  • The most important task is to clear the roads, clear the uprooted trees and clear the debris. The most practical and effective way is to permit the local villages to cut the trees and remove the wood for themselves. The Executive Engineers R&B shall take steps to clear the roads by removing the fallen trees any wherein the District.
  • The Electricity Department shall take steps to clear the roads of fallen electric poles and to restore power supply on priority basis to Collector’s Office, Tahasil Office, Hospitals, water works and other Government Offices. Tahasil and Block office will be repaired immediately.
  • The Sub divisional Engineer, Telephones shall take steps to restore connections at least in the District, Tahasil and Sub-Divisional Headquarters most expeditiously. The connections will be given on priority basis to Collector’s Office, Office of the Superintendent of Police Headquarters, Hospital, Municipality, and Chief District Medical Officer and other Government Offices, Private Hospitals will get next priority.
  • The Chief District Medical Officer should arrange moving of Medical Teams with sufficient medicines to the affected areas, to initiate health measures.
  • The Regional Transport Officer should contact the Addl. District Magistrate for fulfilling the requirement of further vehicles on requisition.
  • The Tahasildars shall take immediate steps to assess the damages caused. The staff working in the Panchayat Samities and other local offices shall be requisitioned for the purposes and special teams constituted for the assessment of loss of human life and damage to houses and other properties. They should also make arrangements to organise feeding centres in Relief Camps.
  • The Collectorate Control Room shall take steps to enlist the services of AIR FORCE / NAVY HELICOPTORS / ODRAF, for air dropping of food and other supplies to the marooned villages in the worst case.

Contingency Plan for Chemical Hazards:

  • Industrial hazards pose a threat to the people and life support system that arise from mass production of goods and services. When these threats exceed human coping capabilities or the absorptive capacity of the environmental systems, they give rise to industrial disaster. Industrial hazards can occur at any stage in the production process including extraction, processing, manufacturing, transportation, storage, use and disposal.
    On the whole the cause of industrial hazards and diseases are malfunctions, failures or unanticipated side effects of technological systems. However, industrial hazard is a blend of industrial systems, people and the environment. The possible impacts of industrial and chemical accidents are loss of life, loss of limbs, loss of eye-site or hearing power, burns and injuries leading surgical treatment and exposure to toxic materials. With proper training loss could be minimized and eliminated in all these areas. In this context the strategic location of industries handling hazardous chemicals at the port town of Paradeep has been looked into consideration.

Emergency Telephone Numbers in Case of Chemical hazards:

The telephone numbers of District Administration
Sl. No. Name of Department Telephone  (Office) Telephone (Residence) e-mail
1 Additional District Magistrate, Paradeep 222237  222003
2 SP, police, Jagatsinghpur 220115 220015
 3 Police Station, Paradeep 100, 222027  
4 Chief Inspector of factories, Bhubaneswar 0674 2406070 2432858
5 Chairman, Paradeep Port Trust  222046  222012
6 Executive Director, OSWAL CHEMICALS AND FERTILIZERS LIMITED (OSWAL) 223345, 222835, 222857 (Fax)
7  IOCL, Terminal, Paradeep 229217
8 BPCL Terminal, Paradeep   229223
9 HPCL, Terminal, Paradeep 229227
10 Municipal Fire Brigade, Paradeep 101
11 Paradeep Port Trust, Fire Brigade 101/222385 
12 Paradeep Phosphates limited – Fire Services 222175
222480
223083
223083
(F&S Head) 
13 OFS, Kujang 281246
14 OFS, Tirtol 5445
15 Paradeep Port Hospital 102,222041
 16 State Govt. Hospital, Paradeep 222399
17  SCB medical College, Cuttack 2614122
18  Kalinga Hospital 2300570, 2300726  
 19 Bhagawati Hospital, Kendrapada 06727-220743
 20 District Head quarter Hospital, Jagatsinghpur 221435
 21 Disaster Management control Room, PPL 229581
 22 Chief of Safety, PPL 222480 223083
 23 General Manager, PPL 229614
 24 PPT, Hospital 222041
25  CISF Fire Brigade, PPT 222385

District Crisis Group:

  • The first meeting of the District Crisis group was held on dated 07.02.2001 in the Conference hall of the Collectorate and in subsequent meetings since then at Paradeep. It was decided to include the following Officers in the District Crisis Group:
    i. Chairman, Paradeep Port trust
    ii. Deputy Conservator of Meteorology, Paradeep
    iii. Deputy Commandant, CISF, Paradeep Port Trust
    iv. Deputy labour commissioner, Cuttack
    v. Emergency Officer Safety, Paradeep Port
    vi. Additional District Magistrate, Paradeep
    vii. Commandant, Coast Guard, Paradeep
    viii. Assistant Director, Duck Safety, Paradeep Port Trust
    The Committee will meet every six months.

On-Site Emergency Plan:

  • The major industries such as Paradeep Phosphates Limited, IFFCO etc. have prepared and submitted their On-site Emergency Plan to the District Collector, Superintendent of Police, Jagatsinghpur; Inspector of Factories and Boilers, Cuttack; Member Secretary, Pollution Control Board, Bhubaneswar and were asked to conduct regular mock drills inside the plant in presence of the district administration for the safety of the persons working inside the plants.

Off-site Action Plan:

  • The office of the Additional District Magistrate and the office room of the I.I.C, Police, Paradeep will be the off-site control room and I.I.C will be reporting officer. The function of the Control Room will be as follows:
Length of different categories of road in Jagatsinghpur district:
Sl No. Action Team leader
1 Incident Command Post – ADM’s office, Paradeep ADM, Paradeep
2 Activating fire fighting services Deputy Commandant, C.I.S, Fire Service
3 Informing Public for the necessary self protection measures in the expected areas D.P.R.O., Paradeep Port Trust for Paradeep area and DIPRO, Jagatsinghpur.
4 Maintenance of Law and Order situation Additional District Magistrate and S.D. P.O, Paradeep
5 Evacuation of affected areas to safer places to establish assembly points and arranging for necessary relief measures ADM, Paradeep and SDPO, Paradeep, Estate officer, PPT to assist for Paradeep area
6 Vehicle requisition on requirement Additional District Magistrate, Paradeep and R.T.O, Jagatsinghpur/Cuttack to assist
7 Activation of mutual aid system and technical services Additional District Magistrate, Paradeep
8 If portions of Highway is coming in the affected Zone to stop traffic movements from a safer distance SDPO, Paradeep
9 Rescue of victims Additional District Magistrate, Paradeep
10 To forecast weather conditions on regular basis Deputy conservator of Meteorology, Paradeep Port Trust
11 To activate and identify medical service hospital health care by way of keeping adequate stock of life saving medicines as described in the MSDS and provide in time medical treatments to the affected measures In charge Medical Officer, Paradeep, PHC and CMO, Paradeep Port trust
12 In case of possibility of water body contamination, public health engineering service to take necessary precautionary measures Executive officer, NAC, Paradeep
13 Regular reporting to Government on day to day basis Collector and SP, Jagatsinghpur
14 Releasing authorized statements to press and media services Collector and SP, Jagatsinghpur
15 To establish long term clean up measures Collector and SP, Jagatsinghpur
16 Post emergency activities including award of relief under the public liability insurance act’1991 rehabilitation measures Collector and SP, Jagatsinghpur
  • Accident History: (Chronology of Accidents in IFFCO, Paradeep:
FORESTS
Date of occurrence Accidents caused
6.5.2000 Fire in H2SO4 plant on 6.5.2000 caused 2 fatal & 1 non-fatal
9.5.2000 fire in sulphur conveyor belt on 9.5.2000 caused 1 non-fatal
17.05.2000 leakage of Ammonia on 17.5.2000
24.5.2000 Release of Ammonia vapour on 24.5.2000, affected 16 persons
28.5.2000 fire due to Sulphur dust on 28.5.2000 affected 2 fatal & 4 non-fatal
7.6.2000 Toxic chemical release on 7.6.2000 affected 6 persons
4.7.2000 Leakage of Phosphoric acid fume on 4.7.2000 affected 17 persons
28.7.2000 Spillage of molten sulphur on 28.7.2000 affected one person
1.11.2000 Leakage of Ammonia  from the storage tank on 1.11.2000
9.6.2001 flow of hot phospuric acid on 9.6.2001, affected 6 persons
18.3.2002 Fire due to sulphur on 18.3.2002

IFFCO,Paradeep:

  • The expected types of accidents that may occur in the plant area/off-site are following:
    i. Toxicity hazard to employees and population in the neighborhood on release of toxic gases (Ammonia/ Chlorine)
    ii. Explosion involving a vapour cloud of ammonia.
    iii. Pool fires involving fuels (HSD and furnace oil)
    iv. Fire/Explosion involving Sulphur dust
  • Paradeep Phosphates Limited (PPL):
    The important hazardous chemical which has the potentiality to cause accidents are:
    Ammonia
    Chlorine
    Phosphoric acid
    Sulphuric acid
    Sulphur – Sulphur Dioxide, Sulphur Trioxide
    Fuel oil- Diesel Oil etc.
    Three types of Hazards do or likely to be encountered in PPL plant are:
    Fire
    Toxic
    Explosion

Paradip Refinery Project Profile:

  • Indian Oil Corporation Limited is setting up its 9th petroleum refinery with design capacity of 15 Million Metric Tonnes per Annum at Paradip in the state of Odisha. This refinery will be the most modern coastal Refinery of IndianOil with a future petrochemicals unit. It is located nearly 145 kms away from Bhubaneswar and is well connected by National Highway No-5A and State Highway No-12 along with rail links.The project site lies along the coastline, at about 5 kms South of Paradip Port, which is one of the Major Ports of India and is the main out-let and in-let of the sea- borne trade of the eastern part of the country. Paradip Phosphate Ltd is the major industry in the project area. Besides, there are other industries also, which also include Paradip Carbon Ltd., IFFCO, Kalinga Engineers, East Coast Breweries, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Ltd. (Oil Coastal Installation Unit), Cargill Factory (Edible Oil) etc.
    Paradip Refinery (PDRP) configuration consists of Crude and Vacuum Distillation (CDU/ VDU) Unit, Vacuum Gas Oil-Hydrotreater Unit (VGO-HDT), Fludised Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Unit, Delayed Coker Unit (DCU), Naphtha Hydro Treater Unit (NHT), Sulphur Recovery unit (SRU) with Tail Gas Treating facility (TGTU), Alkylation Block and petrochemical units namely Paraxylene Block (Aromatic Complex), Polypropylene Unit and Ethyl Benzene/ Styrene Monomer Unit along with other associated facilities.

Action Plan To Meet The Emergencies Due To Natural Calamities (Epedemics):

  • There is a well organized permanent infrastructure in the district to face any outbreak of natural calamities like flood cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire accident, bomb blast, heat wave, nuclear fall out, industrial or chemical (gas leakage) epidemic etc.
    The whole District & Paradeep Port are risk & vulnerable points.

DISTRICT LEVEL:

  • The control room will function round the clock at the District Office during occurrence of any calamity. It’s telephone/Fax no. 06724-220368.
    It will be attended by the doctor on emergency duty, assisted by the Sanitary Inspector at the head quarter. He will note down the information received in a special register meant for the purpose.
    The mobile health units have been formed at the district level being headed by a doctor accompanied with S.I., LT & attendant. One vehicle is available for use of mobile team. The team leader will have constant touch with the spot for needful action.
    The control room, mobile teams have been kept under the responsibility of Addl. District Medical Officer (PH), Jagatsinghpur. In absence of him, the Addl. District Medical Officer (Med.) will remain in charge of the control room & mobile team.

ZONE LEVEL:

Name of the Zone Name of the PHC Name of the Supervision Nodal Officer
ZONE-A Biridi, Mandasahi Asst. Dist. Medical Officer (PH)
ZONE-B Kujang, Manijanga, Erasama Asst. Dist. Medical Officer (Med)
ZONE-C Naugaon, Balikuda, Raghunathpur Asst. Dist. Medical Officer (FW)
  • The over all responsibility for smooth management of Natural Calamities and epidemics lies with Addl. District Medical Officer (PH). He will be responsible to submit daily report and returns to Director of Health Services and to keep contact and constant touch with Directorate.

BLOCK LEVEL:

  • There are 8 Blocks in the District and there is one PHC in each Block. The area of operation of PHC is equal to that of Block.
    The second Medical Officer of the PHC will be responsible to attend the field emergency. There will be a mobile unit at PHC level. The mobile unit will be headed by the second Medical Officer, assisted by the Multi purpose Health Worker (M) & a CL-IV. The PHC will also open a control room to monitor the situation.
    The Medical Officer I/C will be responsible for prompt attendance at the site of occurrence and will see timely procurement of stock & stores. He will have constant touch with District Headquarter and responsible to submit daily epidemic report.

SECTOR LEVEL:

  • Each Block has been divided into four to five sectors and each sector is headed by MPHS (Male) and MPHS (Female). They will be responsible to communicate the information of the outbreak if any, in their area through local Health Worker to the PHC.
    They will also see that required stocks and stores reach the sub-centre from PHC. Their important job will be to ensure disinfection of all drinking water sources at regular intervals and provide Health Education to people on personal hygiene, food and drinks.

SECTION LEVEL:

  • Each sector has been divided into 5 to 6 section. Each section is manned by grass root level Health workers. A section comprises a population of 5,000 to 6,000 by door to door visit the worker should detect cases of diarrhea and its onset and administer ORS or house made fluid. In case it is beyond control, they should refer the case to nearest health institution for further treatment. At the same time they should give information to their supervisors.
    Besides, the PHC at the Block level, there are 35 other Health Institutions in the District, each one headed by a Doctor. They have been alerted to attend the case promptly. Those who are in-charge of sector as the Sector Medical Officer, they will be directly responsible to their concerned Medical Officer in-charge of PHC to see availability of required drugs, IV fluids, disinfectants etc.

FLOOD:

  • During Flood, the Chief District Medical Officer needs provision for independent boats, power boats to manage epidemics and provide Health Services in Flood affect areas.
    During other emergencies Jeeps may be provided to PHCs and treatment centres to mobilize staff and transportation of medicines, disinfectants.
    The Chief District Medical Officer will keep liasion with Collector and District Magistrate, the Addl. District Medical Officer (PH/M & F/Lep) and further liasion with District Emergency Officer and all Block PHC Medical Officer I/C will keep liasion with Block Development Officer and Tahasildar for convenience of work.
    District Population – 11, 73, 822.
    Three Addl. District Medical Officers are working under the guidance of the Chief District Medical Officer.
    There are 189 sub-centres and 35 PHC (N) functioning in the district and all have been provided with emergency drugs, disinfectants. Halozen Tab., ORS and common medicines during emergency. All the sub-centres will function as treatment centres who will give medical relief during emergencies under the guidance of the doctors. The HW (Female) posted to sub-centres visits door to door and temporary shelter identified by revenue department with common medicines. In case the situation is grave and quick necessary health staff from near by area will be deployed.
    Sufficient anti-diarrheal drugs, ORS, IV Fluid etc. have been stored for emergent use. The Health Directorate will be moved to deploy more staff from outside district and provide further medicines etc. as per requirements keeping the situation in view.
    The ADMO (PH) will see that the durgs, disinfectants etc. reach the peripheral institutions in time as per requirement. He will also see that the required quantity of drugs etc. are procured from the state Heqd Quarter in time and provide those to the peripheral Institutions.
    The Health staff will give Health Education to the affected people to maintain hygiene and take precautions against the disease found in their areas and not to become panic. During flood, cyclone, draught, earthquake the common elements are diarrhea, fever, measles, ARI, Jaundice, skin disease, snake bite and different type of injuries. The Healh staffs are adequately trained to manage the above elements and to give Health educations to carry out immunization works. Messages about dirrerent diseases printed in Hording should be installed in different parts of the district.

EPIDEMICS:

  • People should maintain hygiene and take safe drinking water and food.

MEASLES:

  • People should cooperate for cent percent immunization coverage and should not adopt old tradition and blind beliefs for treatment of measles case.

HEAT WAVE:

  • People should not expose themselves to hit and should not labor during day time under the son. They should take more lemon water, green coconut worker and seek medical health whenever necessary.

INDUSTRIAL & CHEMICAL GAS LEAKAGE:

  • Amonia Gas Leakage:
    People should lie down on the ground with a wet & moist cloth covering in the face.
    Chlorine Gas Leakage:
    People should lie down on the ground with a wet & moist cloth covering in the face.
    All medical staff should be sensitized about uptodate knowledge for preparation of all disaster management plans intermittently.